Broadly speaking, all crime is against the state, or government, insofar as it disturbs the public order and tranquility. But there are three criminal activities that are directed against the existence of the state itself:
Treason is the crime of betraying a nation by acts considered dangerous to its security. Selling military secrets to a foreign power is one example; giving aid to the enemy in time of war is another.
Sedition refers generally to the offense of organizing or encouraging opposition to the government, especially in speeches or writings, that falls short of treason. In wartime seditious acts may often be classified as treason.
Rebellion is the attempted overthrow of a government; if it succeeds it is a coup, or revolution.
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